The Artemis II mission
Canadian Space Agency (CSA) astronaut Jeremy Hansen will be the first Canadian to ever participate in a lunar mission as part of Artemis II.
- No earlier than
- Mission status
- In development
- Mission duration
- Approximately 10 days
The Artemis II mission
The historic Artemis II mission is the first crewed test flight of the Artemis program, a multi-mission campaign set to create a durable lunar presence and pave the way for human exploration of Mars.
Following the success of the Artemis I uncrewed test flight in , the Artemis II mission will travel around the Moon to ensure that all of the Orion spacecraft's systems work as designed with a crew of four on board. Crewmembers will live and work aboard Orion throughout their journey.
Like the crew of Apollo 8, Artemis II astronauts will witness the "Earthrise," a breathtaking view of our planet suspended in the blackness of space.
Artemis II crew
CSA astronaut Jeremy Hansen will travel with NASA astronauts Christina Hammock Koch, Victor Glover and Reid Wiseman.
Artemis II marks the first time a Canadian astronaut will take part in a lunar mission, but it will not be the last. Canada's participation in the Artemis program and contribution of Canadarm3 has also secured a future mission to the Lunar Gateway.
CSA astronaut Jenni Gibbons has been assigned as the official backup astronaut for Jeremy Hansen for Artemis II. This assignment secures a seat for a CSA astronaut to fly aboard this historic mission. Backup astronauts are typically trained in a similar way to the prime crew to ensure they are prepared to take on the same duties and responsibilities, sometimes with very little advance notice.
She will also play a key role in defining and validating astronaut training and processes for future lunar missions, and is training to become a lunar capcom.
Artemis II flight path
The Artemis II mission will launch from NASA's Kennedy Space Center, in Florida. The Orion spacecraft will orbit Earth twice to ensure Orion's systems are working as expected while still close to home.
During Artemis II, four astronauts will fly around the Moon in the Orion capsule. The approximately 10-day flight test will pave the way for lunar surface missions, including landing the first woman and first person of colour on the Moon. (Credits: CSA, NASA)
During the second orbit high above Earth, a checkout of the spacecraft begins. Crew will perform a sequence of manoeuvres designed to test manual piloting of Orion. The crew will also assess life support, exercise, and habitation equipment to ensure readiness before heading to the Moon.
A powerful engine burn by the European Service Module will set Orion on a four-day outbound course to the Moon. Orion will fly approximately 10,400 km beyond the Moon before completing a lunar flyby and returning to Earth. Orion will splash down in the Pacific Ocean, where the capsule and crew will be recovered by ship.
As with the Artemis II mission, NASA's Near Space Network (NSN) and Deep Space Network (DSN) will be used to track and communicate with the Orion spacecraft during the mission. Communications services allow flight controllers to send commands to the spacecraft and receive data from Orion and SLS systems. Tracking, or navigation, services enable the flight controllers to see where the spacecraft are along their trajectory through space. The NSN and DSN's sensors work together to relay and provide critical flight information.
The Artemis II crew will navigate using the stars to determine the spacecraft's orientation and define the distance between Orion and these bright celestial objects.
As of the Artemis III mission, lidar sensors, which use laser pulses to precisely measure distances, will help Orion with Lunar Gateway docking procedures.
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