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Studying the aurora in Canada

The North Magnetic Pole is in the Canadian Arctic, a geographic location that gives Canadian scientists a privileged viewpoint to study the auroras.

The Northern Lights above Yellowknife, NWT

The northern lights above Yellowknife, NWT. (Credits: Canadian Space Agency, University of Calgary, Astronomy North)

Studying Earth's relationship with the Sun helps scientists predict periods of intense solar activity so that we can prepare for space weather.

Scientists are only beginning to understand phenomena linked to Earth's magnetic field. Research being led by Canadians is helping provide a better understanding of the magnetosphere, which protects us from the Sun's lethal radiation.

Here are some examples of current Canadian research.


Suite of scientific instruments on the CASSIOPE satellite to observe the ionosphere.


Twenty observatories on the ground and five small satellites carrying electric, magnetic, and particle detectors to study auroras.

Space weather over Canada

Canadian scientists design and operate instruments to improve understanding of the causes and processes of space weather.

Learn more about the history of Sun–Earth studies in Canada:

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