Biography of Ken Money

Profile: Born January 4, 1935 in Toronto, Ontario and married with one daughter. As a physiologist, Dr. Ken Money has made significant contributions to the knowledge of the inner ear, motion sickness, pilot disorientation, biological effects of spaceflight, effects of alcohol and other areas of science. He is recognized for having invented and demonstrated semicircular canal plugging, an experimental surgical operation used in North American and European hospitals to treat specific types of dizziness. Over the years, Dr. Money has published 110 scientific articles and authored six different topics for the World Book Encyclopedia and one for Microsoft Encarta. In addition to being a well-known scientist and expert on flight safety, he served on Canada's first astronaut team from 1984 to 1992.

Education: Dr. Money attended high school at North Toronto Collegiate Institute in Toronto, Ontario and Noranda High School in Noranda, Quebec. He then enrolled at the University of Toronto and earned his Bachelor of Science degree in physiology and chemistry in 1958, his Master of Science in physiology in 1959 and his Ph.D. in physiology in 1961. Dr. Money graduated from the National Defence College in 1972 and from the Accelerated Free Fall Skydiving course at the Spaceland Parachute Center in Houston in 1989. He is an associate professor of physiology (part time) at the University of Toronto and lectures regularly to undergraduate classes. Dr. Money also teaches occasionally at York University and has given talks at universities in Canada, the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan. A believer in lifelong learning, he has completed community college courses in accounting and management disciplines.

Experience: Dr. Ken Money is first and foremost a scientist, having made substantial contributions to the fields of vestibular physiology and aviation medicine. In 1961, he embarked on a career with the Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine (DCIEM), now known as Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC Toronto), in Downsview, Ontario. Organizationally, DCIEM/DRDC reports to Canada's Department of National Defence. He developed expertise on motion sickness in human spaceflight while also closely studying spatial disorientation in pilot flight.

Dr. Money first worked with the NASAspace program in 1962 and consulted as a scientific advisor to the U.S. agency. He acted as a co-investigator on a range of experiments on six Space Shuttle missions. Dr. Money is a member of Canada's original astronaut corps, selected as part of Canada Group 1 by Ottawa's National Research Council of Canada in December 1983. The corps was later transferred to the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) when the independent government body was established in March of 1989. He subsequently began his astronaut training in February of 1984. Later that year, Dr. Money would launch Canada's initial medical experiments performed in space when the first Canadian astronaut flew aboard Shuttle mission STS-41G.

In early 1990, Dr. Money was designated alternate payload specialist for the first International Microgravity Laboratory mission, Space Shuttle Discovery flight STS-42, that flew in January of 1992. As Spacelab payload operations controller for this life sciences mission that investigated microgravity and its effects on the human body in space, he coordinated communications between the flight crew and the ground support team from NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. He also helped formulate numerous space physiology experiments for the Spacelab IML-1 mission to explore the root causes of space sickness.

After nearly a decade as an astronaut, Dr. Money left the CSA in 1992 to return to his passion of studying and practicing physiology.

He since worked for six years as a corporate director on the board of Interquest Incorporated, a Toronto company that finances technology start-up companies. Dr. Money served on the board's audit committee and also chaired the compensation committee. For three years, he worked on the board of directors and on the science advisory board of Lifetech Corporation, a Toronto-area biotech firm.

Dr. Money recently retired as senior scientist at DCIEM where he first began his career.

Interests: Dr. Money is a former Royal Canadian Air Force fighter pilot who has flown a wide variety of aircraft, including bush planes and helicopters. On two occasions, he piloted successful search and rescue missions in Canada's northern wilderness using float-equipped Otter aircraft. His passion for flight extends to his interest and involvement in acrobatic flying. He also enjoys badminton and, in 2008, won the United States masters badminton championship title in his age group at the international tournament in Miami, Florida. Further, Dr. Money likes to ski, skydive, fish, read and play bridge. As an accomplished athlete, he represented Canada in the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia where he placed in the top five of the men's high-jump competition.

Honours: Dr. Money was the W. Rupert Turnbull lecturer, Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute in 1981. He was elected an Academician of the International Academy of Astronautics in 1984. In 1985, Dr. Money was awarded a fellowship in the Aerospace Medical Association. He received the Wilber R. Franks award in 1986 from the Canadian Society of Aviation Medicine for his contributions to aviation medicine. He was awarded the Grass Foundation Neurosciences Lectureship, Penn State University, in 1989. He was the Wellmark Lecturer for the Canadian Association for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases in 1992.

The same year he was inducted into the University of Toronto's Hall of Fame for his swimming and track and field achievements. In 1994, Dr. Money was awarded the Meritorious Service Cross by the Governor General of Canada for his many contributions to science and technology. He was awarded the Kent Gillingham Award by the U.S. Aerospace Medical Association in May 2000 for his contributions to knowledge of disorientation and situational awareness in flight.

Organizations: Dr. Money chaired the Human Factors Committee of the International Academy of Astronautics that produced the Mars Cosmic Study on the International Exploration of Mars (referred to as the 4th Cosmic Study of the IAA). He served as editor and co-author of its 1996 report that looked at the potential psychological and physiological aspects on astronauts involved in long-duration spaceflight missions. He currently serves as president of the Washington, DC-based National Space Society. He has also sat on the board of governors of the non-profit space advocacy group since 1986 as well as the board of directors since 2004. Furthermore, since 1996, Dr. Money worked on the board of directors of Toronto's CNE Air Show.

February 2011