History of the Canadian astronaut corps
In 1974, NASA sought out Canadian expertise for the development of a robotic arm, the famous Canadarm. That marked the beginning of a close collaboration between Canada and the United States in human space flight.
Learn more about the milestones in the Canadian space adventure!
Not long after, NASA invited a Canadian astronaut to participate in a space mission. That invitation led to the creation of the first team of Canadian astronauts in 1983.
In total, Canada has recruited 12 astronauts through 3 campaigns, and 8 of those exceptional people have participated in 16 space missions.
First astronaut recruitment campaign
More than 4,000 people responded to the call for astronauts in 1983.
After a rigorous hiring period, the following people were selected based on their exceptional academic backgrounds, professional experience, health, and communication skills:
Second astronaut recruitment campaign
In 1992, the Canadien Space Agency (CSA) announced that it would recruit four more individuals to undergo astronaut training. Over 5,000 Canadians applied.
After a six-month selection process, four candidates were selected:
Third astronaut recruitment campaign
Once again, a large number of Canadians responded: over 5,000 applications were received.
After a lengthy selection process that took about a year, Jeremy Hansen and David Saint-Jacques were chosen in May 2009. They are the CSA's two active astronauts and are based at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas.
Life after space
Retired astronauts don't necessarily stop working! They generally pursue professional activities in line with their expertise.
For example, they can:
- work in academia, the medical field, or another area of activity in astronautics;
- speak at schools;
- contribute actively to science.
Find out more about our former Canadian astronauts and their careers.
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