James Webb Space Telescope arrives safely in French Guiana
On , Webb arrived in French Guiana from California on board the MN Colibri, which sailed the Panama Canal. Though the telescope weighs only six tonnes, it is more than 10.5 m high and almost 4.5 m wide when folded. It was shipped in its folded position in a 30 m long container which, with auxiliary equipment, weighs more than 70 tonnes.
The European Spaceport's preparation facilities are ready for Webb's arrival. Teams will prepare the telescope and the launch vehicle, an Ariane 5 rocket, and then join the telescope with its rocket for a momentous liftoff. Ariane 5 is well suited for science satellites with proven capability to send missions to the second Lagrange Point (L2). Ariane 5 will release Webb directly on a path towards L2 on which it will continue for four weeks, eventually arriving at L2, which is four times farther away than the Moon is from Earth.
Webb is an international partnership between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Canadian Space Agency. ESA was responsible for the development and qualification of Ariane 5 adaptations for the Webb mission and for the procurement of the launch service. Canada contributed Webb's Fine Guidance Sensor and one of its four science instruments called NIRISS.
The James Webb Space Telescope ready for launch, date set for
After the successful completion of final tests in , the James Webb Space Telescope is being prepared for shipment to its launch site. Webb is now planned for launch on .
The premier observatory – an international collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Canadian Space Agency – will launch on an Ariane 5 rocket from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.
The rocket will deliver the telescope directly into a precision transfer orbit towards its destination, the second Lagrange point, L2. After separation, Webb will continue its four-week long journey to L2, four times farther away than the Moon, 1.5 million km from Earth.
Webb will be the largest, most powerful telescope ever launched into space. Canada contributed Webb's Fine Guidance Sensor and its NIRISS science instrument.
Webb passes key launch clearance review
The international James Webb Space Telescope mission has successfully passed the final mission analysis review for its launch on an Ariane 5 rocket from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana.
This major milestone, carried out by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Webb launch service provider Arianespace, confirms that the Ariane 5 rocket, the Webb spacecraft and the flight plan are set for launch. It also specifically provides the final confirmation that all aspects of the launch vehicle and spacecraft are fully compatible.
During launch, the spacecraft experiences a range of mechanical forces, vibrations, temperature changes, and electromagnetic radiation. All technical evaluations performed by Arianespace on the mission's key aspects, including the launch trajectory and payload separation, have shown positive results.
Ariane 5 will deliver the telescope directly into a precision transfer orbit towards its destination, the second Lagrange point (L2). After separation from the launcher, Webb will continue its four-week-long journey to L2 alone. L2 is four times farther away than the Moon, 1.5 million kilometres from Earth in the direction away from the Sun.
Set for launch in fall 2021, Webb will be the largest, most powerful telescope ever launched into space. It is an international partnership between NASA, ESA and the Canadian Space Agency. ESA is procuring the Ariane 5 launcher and the launch services as part of its contribution. Canada contributed the Fine Guidance Sensor and the NIRISS science instrument.
Webb's golden mirror wings open one last time on Earth
For the last time while it is on Earth, the world's largest and most powerful space science telescope opened its iconic primary mirror. This event marked a key milestone in preparing the observatory for launch later this year.
As part of the final tests of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope, the 6.5-metre mirror was commanded to fully expand and lock itself into place, just like it would in space. The conclusion of this test represents the team's final checkpoint in a long series of tests designed to ensure Webb's 18 hexagonal mirrors are prepared for a long journey in space, and a life of profound discovery. After this, all of Webb's many movable parts will have confirmed in testing that they can perform their intended operations after being exposed to the expected launch environment.
To observe objects in the distant cosmos, and to do science that's never been done before, Webb's mirror needs to be so large that it cannot fit inside any rocket available in its fully extended form. Like a piece of origami artwork, Webb contains many movable parts that have been specifically designed to fold themselves into a compact formation that is considerably smaller than when the observatory is fully deployed.
Following this test, engineers will immediately move on to tackle Webb's final few tests, which include extending and then restowing two radiator assemblies that help the observatory cool down, and one full extension and restowing of its deployable tower.
Who will be among the first astronomers to peer into the universe with the Webb Telescope?
Preparations are in full swing for the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope this fall, including the allocation of observing time so that the worldwide astronomical community can begin making remarkable discoveries.
Following a rigorous selection process, 286 proposals were selected for Webb's first year of operations, including ten principal investigators and 72 contributions of co-investigators from Canada. They will be some of the first astronomers in the world to study celestial targets with the most advanced space telescope ever built. Their work will help them discover other worlds, such as exoplanets, learn more about the lifecycles of stars, and paint a picture of the early universe and of galaxies as they evolve through time.
Principal investigators from Canada
Loïc Albert, Université de Montréal
Lisa Dang, McGill University
Maria Drout, University of Toronto
Olivia Lim, Université de Montréal
John Mackereth, Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics
Cemile Marsan, York University
Stefan Pelletier, Université de Montréal
Erik Rosolowsky, University of Alberta
James Sikora, Bishop's University
Matthew Taylor, NRC Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics
More than 1,000 proposals from 44 countries were submitted to the Webb Telescope mission officials in order to obtain a portion of the 6,000 observing hours available in Webb's first year of operations. The selection process was conducted by the Telescope Allocation Committee (TAC), which is made up of nearly 200 experts from the worldwide astronomical community, including about a dozen Canadian astronomers. The TAC presented its recommendations to the Director of the Space Telescope Science Institute. A similar selection process will be conducted on a yearly basis while Webb is operational.
An international collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency, the James Webb Space Telescope is the most complex and powerful space telescope ever built. Canada contributed two key elements to Webb: the Fine Guidance Sensor (FGS) and the Near-Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph (NIRISS). In exchange for that contribution, Canadian researchers will have access to 5% of the observing time available to the international community.