Close Encounters of the Tasty Kind

Difficulty: Easy

Duration: 60 minutes

Materials: Moderate


Download the PDF version (613 KB)

Background

When we send Canadian food products to space, we must ensure it meets all space flight requirements. In addition to meeting requirements, the food must taste great and increase variety to the food selection aboard the International Space Station (ISS).

Recommended properties for space food

Food packaging and processing for space flight

Foods packaged or processed in the following ways are best for space flight:

Sensory evaluation of food is very important when identifying foods to send to space. It allows us to rank foods depending on their texture, appearance, taste, and smell. Sensory evaluation involves using the five senses (sight, touch, taste, hearing, smell) to analyze various food products.

With every food item we eat, we use sensory evaluation without realizing it! For example, when you eat soup, you may notice:

For sensory evaluation, special descriptive words are used for texture, appearance, taste, and smell in order to be as detailed and accurate as possible. More information about space food can be found on Canadian Space Agency's website.

Mission description

In this activity, participants can learn about sensory evaluation and its importance in selecting food for space. Participants can perform a sensory evaluation of various food items to determine which ones would qualify for space flight. Participants can evaluate foods based on the texture, packaging, and appearance.

Activity

After presenting a lesson using the background information, organize the participants into four groups. Have each group wash their hands. Each group will be given a collection of food items. As a group, they will assess each item and decide whether or not it is suitable for astronauts on the ISS. Each group will write down their assessment for each item on the activity worksheet. When the activity is completed, invite one group to present their assessments to the class.

Note

It is not necessary for the participants to taste or eat the foods, but if participants will be tasting or eating the items, they must fill out an allergen declaration form in advance.

If there are concerns about allergens, certain items can be omitted from the activity or substituted.

Alternative activity (no cost)

In groups, participants assess the items in their lunch bags and decide whether or not they are suitable for astronauts on the ISS. Each group will write down the items in their lunches and complete the evaluation sheet. When the activity is completed, invite one group to present their assessments to the class.

Lesson schedule

Breakdown Duration
Lesson using background information 20 minutes
Explanation of activity 5 minutes
Group activity 20 minutes
One group presents to class 10 minutes
Wrap-up & clean-up 5 minutes
Total 60 minutes

Mission preparation

Materials for class size of 24 participants

Set-up

Potential activity cost (prices taken from Walmart.ca)

Item (examples of products; these specific items are not required) Each In quantities of four, where applicable
Chunk light tuna, 170 g $1.17 $4.68
Brown rice crackers, 100 g $1.97 $1.97
Cream of celery condensed soup $0.67 $2.68
Unsweetened dried apricots $3.97 $3.97
Flavoured sparkling water, 8 × 355 mL (before tax) $2.97 $2.97
Total $10.75 $16.27

Additional optional costs (if tasting or eating)

Paper plates $1.25
Utensils, eco-friendly compostable $5.99
Napkins, 25 pack $1.69
Disposable cups, 50 $1.00
Total $9.93
Total with foods $26.20

Download the participant handout 1 (PDF, 586 KB)
Download the participant handout 2 (PDF, 427 KB)
Download the allergen declaration form (PDF, 365 KB)

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