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In space

Spacewalks, also called extravehicular activities (EVAs), are one of the most difficult and dangerous tasks for the astronauts who work on board the International Space Station (ISS).

However, these spacewalks are necessary. EVAs are conducted when:

Canadian astronaut Steve MacLean conducting his very first spacewalk

Canadian astronaut Steve MacLean, conducting his very first spacewalk, takes a break to wave to the camera! (Credit: NASA)

Thanks to this extravehicular maintenance, the ISS remains:

The stakes are very high: the failure of any one of these components could lead to loss of the ISS!

A very special spacesuit!

During spacewalks, the astronauts can rely on spacesuits equipped with all the necessary survival functions. These suits are the result of more than 50 years of testing, research and development.

Dave Williams performs a spacewalk - Mission STS-118

Canadian astronaut Dave Williams on an EVA during Mission STS-118, in . (Credit: NASA)

These very bulky suits protect the astronauts from the deadly threats posed by the vacuum of space:

For example, the NASA spacesuit, called the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU), has a total of 14 layers, divided into three parts:

SAFER: an additional safety system

The EMU is also equipped with SAFER, a propulsion system – a manned manoeuvering unit - which enables the astronauts to return to the ISS in the event of accidental separation.

However, there is little chance of that happening: once outside, the astronauts are securely tethered to the ISS with cables!

A spacewalk usually lasts from five to seven hours.

Canadians step into the vacuum of space

On , former astronaut Chris Hadfield made history when he became the first Canadian to perform a spacewalk.

First spacewalk for David Saint-Jacques

Canadian Space Agency (CSA) astronaut David Saint-Jacques conducts his first spacewalk (Credit: CSA/NASA)

Chris Hadfield and American astronaut Scott Parazynski worked for hours to unpack and install Canadarm2 using robotized equipment and other specialized tools.

"It was the most magnificent experience of my life. Alone in a one-person spaceship (my suit), just holding on with my one hand, with the bottomless black universe on my left and the World pouring by in technicolour on my right. I highly recommend it."

Chris Hadfield

Since Chris Hadfield's historic excursion, three other Canadians have walked in space:

Dave Williams holds the Canadian record for time spent on EVAs, accomplished in three spacewalks: 17 hours and 43 minutes!

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