2015-16 Report on Plans and Priorities - Supplementary information tables

Canadian Space Agency
2015-16 Report on Plans and Priorities

Supplementary information tables

Details on Transfer Payment Programs of $5 Million or More

Contributions under the Canada / European Space Agency (ESA) Cooperation Agreement Mission

Departmental Plan for Transfer Payment Programs for the Canadian Space Agency

Name of Transfer Payment Program: Contributions under the Canada/European Space Agency (ESA) Cooperation Agreement.

Start Date:

  • March 28, 2012 (ratification of the latest Agreement);
  • September 20 2012 (approval of the revised T&C).

End Date: December 31, 2019 (end date of the latest Agreement).

Fiscal Year for Terms and Conditions:
The revised terms and conditions for the contributions under the 2012–19 Cooperation Agreement were approved on September 20, 2012.

Strategic Outcome:
Canada's exploration of space, provision of space services and development of its space capacity meet the nation's needs for scientific knowledge, innovation and information.

Link to department's Program Alignment Architecture:

  • Program 1.3 Future Canadian Space Capacity
    • Sub-Program 1.3.2 Space Innovation and Market Access
      • Sub-Sub-Program 1.3.2.1 International Market Access

Description:
Enhance Canadian industry's technological base and provide access to European markets for value-added products and services in the fields of Earth observation (EO), telecommunications and generic technological activities; foster the participation of Canadian academia and make possible the demonstration of Canadian space technologies in European microgravity and space exploration missions and programs. This is achieved through a financial contribution by the CSA to ESA optional programs.

Expected Results Specific to the Transfer Payment Program:
Result: Canadian investments through the ESA Agreement allow Canadian industry to access the European market.

Performance Indicator: Canadian industrial return coefficient (Ratio between the actual value of contracts awarded by ESA to Canadian organizations and the ideal value of contracts awarded by ESA to Canadian organizations).

Result: The Canadian industry has access to flight opportunities for its space technologies/components.

Performance Indicator: Number of technologies or components developed by Canadian industry which have been space qualified and/or have acquired flight heritage through Canada's participation in ESA programs.

Fiscal Year of Previous Evaluation: 2010–11
To learn more, go to www.asc-csa.gc.ca/pdf/evaluation_2010-canada-esa_eng.pdf

Decision following the Results of Last Evaluation:
The CSA intensified its efforts to renew the Cooperation Agreement to ensure that Canada maintains a presence in European markets.

To meet program requirements, the CSA implemented a well-structured and transparent process for holding consultations with industry to support the selection of optional programs.

Fiscal Year of Planned Completion of Next Evaluation: 2015–16

General Targeted Recipient Group:
Canadian space sector firms, universities and not-for-profit research organizations.

Initiatives to Engage Applicants and Recipients:
The CSA actively consulted the Canadian space sector (industry and academia) and Government of Canada organizations as part of the program selection process in preparation for the 2012 ESA Ministerial Council meeting during which ESA member states and Canada announced their position on contributions to the proposed ESA Programs. Similar consultations are planned for future ESA Ministerial Council meetings.

Forecast Spending
2014–15 ($)
Planned Spending ($)
2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Total contributions 27,274,000 26,215,000 27,031,000 26,548,000
Total transfer payments 27,274,000 26,215,000 27,031,000 26,548,000

Note: This table details contribution programs with funding in excess of $5 million per annum.

Class Grant and Contribution Program to Support Research, Awareness and Learning in Space Science and Technology

Name of Transfer Payment Program: Class Grant and Contribution Program to Support Research, Awareness and Learning in Space Science and Technology

Start Date: October 1, 2009

End Date: N/A – Ongoing program

Fiscal Year for Terms and Conditions: 2009–10

Strategic Outcome:
Canada's exploration of space, provision of space services and development of its space capacity meet the nation's needs for scientific knowledge, innovation and information.

Link to department's Program Alignment Architecture:

  • Program 1.1 Space Data, Information and Services
    • Sub-Program 1.1.1 Earth Orbit Satellite Missions and Technology
      • Sub-Sub-Program 1.1.1.3 Scientific Missions
    • Sub-Program 1.1.2 Ground Infrastructure
      • Sub-Sub-Program 1.1.2.2 Data Handling
    • Sub-Program 1.1.3 Space Data, Imagery and Services Utilization Development
      • Sub-Sub-Program 1.1.3.1 Earth Observation Data and Imagery Utilization
  • Program 1.2 Space Exploration
    • Sub-Program 1.2.1 International Space Station
      • Sub-Sub-Program 1.2.1.2 International Space Station Utilization
    • Sub-Program 1.2.2 Exploration Missions and Technology
      • Sub-Sub-Program 1.2.2.1 Space Astronomy Missions
    • Sub-Program 1.2.3 Human Space Missions and Support
      • Sub-Sub-Program 1.2.3.3 Health and Life Sciences
  • Program 1.3 Future Canadian Space Capacity Program
    • Sub-Program 1.3.1 Space Expertise and Proficiency
    • Sub-Program 1.3.2 Space Innovation and Market Access
      • Sub-Sub-Program 1.3.2.2 Enabling Technology Development

Description:
This program supports knowledge development and innovation in the CSA's priority areas while increasing the awareness and participation of Canadians in space-related disciplines and activities. The program has two components: a) Research and b) Awareness and Learning.

The Research component aims to support the development of science and technology; foster the continual development of a critical mass of researchers and highly qualified people in Canada; and support information gathering and space-related studies and research pertaining to Canadian Space Agency priorities.

The Awareness and Learning component aims to provide learning opportunities to Canadian students in various space-related disciplines; to support the operations of organizations dedicated to space research and education; and to increase awareness of Canadian space science and technology among Canadian students and their participation in related activities. It should be noted that the CSA conducted a review of all of its programs. As a result of this review, the CSA no longer financially supports initiatives under the Awareness and Learning component aimed at elementary and secondary school students.

Expected Results Specific to the Transfer Payment Program:

Research Component

Result #1: Increased knowledge from research projects in priority space S&T areas.

  • Performance Indicator: Number of new and ongoing space science and technology initiatives (Announcement of Opportunity) and projects.
  • Performance Indicator: Number of completed space science and technology initiatives (Announcement of Opportunity) and projects.
  • Performance Indicator: Number of highly qualified personnel (research team) involved in space science and technology initiatives and projects.

Result #2: Maintained and/or increased space focus in universities, post-secondary institutions, and not-for-profit and for-profit organizations.

  • Performance Indicator: Number of universities, post-secondary institutions and not-for-profit and for-profit organizations involved in financed projects.

Result #3: Partnerships established and/or sustained.

  • Performance Indicator: Number and type of new partnerships created and sustained.
  • Performance Indicator: Number of research partnerships (national and international).

Result #4: Partners' contributions leveraged.

  • Performance Indicator: Number of agreements leveraged funding.
  • Performance Indicator: Proportion of leveraged funds vs. grant/contribution funds.

Result #5: Access to international collaboration for Canadian organizations.

  • Performance Indicator: Number of agreements leveraged by international funding.

Fiscal Year of Last Completed Evaluation: N/A

Decision following the Results of Last Evaluation: N/A

Fiscal Year of Planned Completion of Next Evaluation: 2014–2015

Eligible recipients for Grants: include Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada, Canadian universities and post-secondary institutions, not-for-profit organizations established and operating in Canada and not-for-profit international research organizations or a cluster formed by a combination of the above.

Eligible recipients for Contributions: include Canadian universities and post-secondary institutions, for-profit and not-for-profit organizations established and operating in Canada, and not-for-profit international research organizations or a cluster formed by a combination of the above.

Initiatives to Engage Applicants and Recipients:
Since January 2012, an initiative to engage recipients has been undertaken through an automated annual follow-up of projects. The Agency has extended this initiative in order to establish a dialogue with potential applicants and recipients.

Consultations, presentations to and discussions with the academic and industrial communities as well with other potential recipient groups are ongoing and will continue.

Forecast Spending
2014–15 ($)
Planned Spending ($)
2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
Total grants (in dollars) 7,007,876 7,456,000 7,237,000 6,792,000
Total contributions (in dollars) 5,439,853 11,685,265 9,800,000 9,200,000
Total transfer payments (in dollars) 12,447,729 19,141,265 17,037,000 15,992,000

Note: This table details contribution programs with funding in excess of $5 million per annum.

Status Report on Transformational and Major Crown Projects

RADARSAT Constellation Mission

Description:
The RADARSAT Constellation Mission (RCM) is the next generation of Canadian Earth observation radar satellites. RADARSAT-1 was launched in 1995 and continued its operation until March 2013. RADARSAT-2, developed by the private sector in partnership with the government, was launched in 2007 for a seven-year mission, but given its current performance, it is expected to remain operational for several more years. Canada has established itself as a leading global supplier of C-band satellite radar data for Earth observation. The successor mission to RADARSAT-2, the RADARSAT Constellation will maintain the leadership and position of the Canadian industry in space radar technology and value-added product markets.

The RADARSAT Constellation Mission is comprised of three identical satellites. The launch of the constellation is planned in 2018. With a constellation, the time between successive imaging of a specific point on Earth is significantly reduced from 24 to 4 days. The creation of a three-satellite constellation will increase the frequency of available information, as well as the reliability of the system, making it better suited to the requirements of operations of the public and private users.

The scope of the RCM Major Crown Project includes the requirement definition, design, development manufacturing, integration, testing and launch of the satellites as well as the design, development, manufacturing and installation of the associated ground segment. One year of operation of the three-satellite constellation is also included as well as an applications development program.

The RADARSAT Constellation will provide reliable data in all-weather and illumination conditions in support of federal departments' operations and mandates in areas such as maritime surveillance, disaster management, environmental monitoring and natural resource management. The satellite constellation will provide average daily coverage capacity of most of Canada and its surrounding waters. In the North, the constellation will provide two to three times daily coverage capacity of the Arctic and the Northwest Passage.

In support of the maritime surveillance requirements of federal departments, the RCM is the principal data source envisaged for wide-area surveillance of Canada's remote areas and marine approaches. Only satellite data can offer regular cost-effective information to task ships and aircraft in order to intercept suspicious vessels. The daily coverage of marine areas will also support fisheries monitoring, ice and iceberg monitoring, pollution monitoring, and integrated ocean and coastal zone management. The RCM's maritime surveillance capabilities also support Canadian sovereignty and security. The RCM satellites will be able to capture ship-originated Automatic Identification System (AIS) signals from space. The combination of space-based radar images and AIS signals will provide a powerful surveillance capacity over Canada's maritime approaches and elsewhere in the world.

In support of disaster management, both in Canada and around the world, the RCM will provide critical and timely data to support disaster mitigation, warning, and response and recovery activities, as well as to help Canada meet its obligations with respect to international disaster relief. The types of disasters for which RCM data will be used for monitoring and relief purposes include floods, oil spills, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and hurricanes.

In support of environmental monitoring, the RCM will provide data for wide-area change detection in order to provide support for activities such as water monitoring, wetlands mapping, coastal change monitoring and changes in the permafrost in northern Canada. RCM data will contribute to the production of more accurate weather forecasts and warnings pertaining to marine conditions, winds, severe storms and floods.

In support of natural resource management, RCM data will be a critical source of information to monitor the changing state of Canada's agricultural areas, forests and wildlife habitats. RCM data will also be used in the mining and energy sectors for resource explorations operations to ensure that critical infrastructure is monitored properly for safety and integrity.

In addition, the RCM will sustain the development of Canadian high-technology design and manufacturing capabilities and the integration of satellite data into information products and services. Canada's space and geomatics industries will benefit from better positioning in international markets and privileged access to data deemed essential by many international users.

Project phase: Phase D – Implementation

Sponsoring and Participating Departments and Agencies

Sponsoring Agency Canadian Space Agency
Contracting Authority Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC)
Users and Participating Departments
  • Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
  • Agriculture and Agri-Foods Canada
  • Canadian Coast Guard
  • Canadian Ice Service
  • Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development
  • Department of National Defence
  • Environment Canada
  • Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  • Industry Canada
  • Natural Resources Canada
  • Parks Canada
  • Public Safety Canada
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police
  • Statistics Canada
  • Transport Canada

Prime and Major Sub-Contractors (Phases B/C/D)

Prime Contractor MDA Systems Ltd. (a division of MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates), Richmond, British Columbia
Tier 1 Major Sub-Contractors
  • MDA Montreal, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec
  • Magellan Aerospace, Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • MDA, Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • SpaceX, Hawthorne, California, USA
  • EADS, Astrium, United Kingdom
  • COM DEV Europe, United Kingdom
Tier 2 and Tier 3 Canadian Subcontractors
  • EADS, Composites Atlantic, Lunenburg, Nova Scotia
  • IMP Group, Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • DRS, Ottawa, Ontario
  • Mecachrome, Mirabel, Quebec
  • Maya, Montreal, Quebec

Major Milestones
The following are the major milestones of the RADARSAT Constellation Major Crown Project, by project phase:

Major Milestones

Phase Major Milestones Date (at completion)
A Requirement Definition March 2008
B Preliminary Design March 2010
C Detailed Design Review November 2012
D Launch satellite #1, #2, and #3 2018
E1 Operations (part of MCP) 2019-2020
E2 Operations (not part of MCP) 2025-2026

Project Outcomes:
This MCP contributes to Program 1.1 Space Data, Information and Services, which includes the provision of space-based solutions and the progression of their utilization. It also serves to install and run ground infrastructure that processes the data and operates satellites. This Program utilizes space-based solutions to assist Government of Canada (GoC) organizations in delivering growing, diversified or cost-effective programs and services within their mandate, which is related to key national priorities such as sovereignty, defence, safety and security, resource management, environmental monitoring and the North. It also provides academia with data required to perform its own research. The contribution of the MCP to the program objectives is measured through the Performance Measurement Framework (PAA, result and performance indicator).

Program 1.1 Space Data, Information and Services

Result: Government of Canada (GoC) organizations offer more diversified or cost-effective programs and services due to their utilization of space-based solutions.

Performance Indicator #1: Number of new GoCs programs offering more diversified or efficient services.

Sub-Program 1.1.1 Earth Orbit Satellite Missions and Technology

Result: GoC organizations are using space-based data to deliver their mandate.

Performance Indicator #1: Number of GoC programs using space data or derived information to deliver their mandate.

Performance Indicator #2: Percentage of RADARSAT data used in program delivery.

Progress Report and Explanation of Variances:
On December 13, 2004, the Domestic Affairs Committee of Cabinet granted approval-in-principle to a 10-year program to implement a RADARSAT Constellation Mission aimed at addressing the operational needs of users from the public and private sectors in relation to Canadian sovereignty and marine surveillance, environmental monitoring and change detection, and disaster management. The RCM would be government-owned and operated.

On June 6, 2005, Treasury Board granted Preliminary Project Approval (PPA) for the RADARSAT Constellation Mission and expenditure authority for the Project Initial Planning and Identification (Phase A). During Phase A, feasibility studies were completed, user requirements were defined, and risk mitigation activities and options analysis for the bus and payload were carried out. The initial scope of work of Phase A was completed in December 2006. Phase A was then extended to allow additional technical risk reduction activities to continue during the period prior to the Phase B contract award. This was completed in March 2008.

In March 2007, Treasury Board approved a revised Preliminary Project Submission to proceed to Phases B and C. Following a competitive Request for Proposal (RFP) process, Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) obtained authority to enter into negotiations with MDA, the prime contractor, and awarded the contract for Phase B in November 2008. The Preliminary Design (Phase B) was completed in March 2010. The contract for Phase B was subsequently amended to include the detailed design (Phase C).

A second revised Preliminary Project Approval was approved by Treasury Board in December 2010. The purpose of this revised PPA was to provide additional expenditure authority to include the procurement of long-lead items during Phase C and also to include a technology demonstration for Automatic Identification System (AIS) payloads, funded by the Department of National Defence.

The final review of the overall mission-level system detailed design, the Mission Critical Design Review (CDR), was conducted in November 2012. A selected set of activities, such as completing the design qualification activities and the procurement of long-lead items, are being pursued under Phase C and are planned to be completed in March 2015. These selected activities were scheduled to be completed in March 2014 but were delayed due to technical difficulties encountered during the building of the qualification models. The delay has no impact on the project.

Treasury Board granted Effective Project Approval for the RCM in December 2012, which provides expenditure and contracting authorities to complete the project and carry out the first year of RCM operations (Phases D and E1). The contract was awarded on January 9, 2013. Since contract award, planning activities were completed and major milestones achieved to initiate the implementation phase of the satellites and associated ground system.

Significant progress was accomplished in the manufacturing of the RCM satellites throughout 2013–14. Several satellite units are nearing completion and are to be delivered in 2014–15 for integration into the satellites. The plans for integration and testing of the three satellites will be finalized in 2014–15. Work on the design of the RCM ground segment equipment also continued and is expected to be completed in 2015–16. As per current planning, the equipment will be delivered and installed at the CSA headquarters in 2016–17. The launch currently remains scheduled for 2018.

In 2013, a Deputy Ministers' Governance Committee (DMGC) was established to provide oversight, coordination and accountability on the RCM MCP. The DMGC reports to the Minister of Industry and provides strategic direction and makes timely decisions to address issues and risks that could affect the success of the MCP.

Industrial Benefits:
Significant industrial benefits in the space and Earth Observation sectors are expected from the RADARSAT Constellation. It is expected to generate employment growth in the Canadian knowledge-based economy and spur the growth of small- and medium-sized businesses as the Canadian infrastructure and services industry continues to grow.

The prime contract includes a requirement for 70% Canadian content, excluding launch services and sub-systems for which there are no suppliers available in Canada. As of March 31, 2014 this corresponds to a Canadian content requirement of $235.1 million. For the same period the CSA had provided the Canadian industry with funding of more than $273.9 million to carry out work resulting directly from the design of the RADARSAT Constellation Major Crown Project, thus surpassing the requirement.

The prime contract also requires that 3.5% of the 70% Canadian content be sub-contracted in the Atlantic Canada region. For the same period the actual Atlantic Canada content was $6.7 million, somewhat short of the requirement. The prime contractor, MDA, remains confident that the Atlantic Canada content requirement will be met by the end of the contract.

The prime contract includes reporting obligations and performance measurements as well as financial penalties for not meeting the minimum Atlantic Canada content requirement. The CSA works closely with the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA) to monitor distribution and to help support the Prime Contractor achieve the said targets.

Regional Distribution of RADARSAT Constellation Mission
Contracts to Canadian Industry ($ in millions)
(As of March 31, 2014)

British
Columbia
Prairies Ontario Quebec Atlantic
Provinces
Total
Canada
Targets (%) 10 10 35 35 10 100
Actual (%) 26.5 15.0 17.6 38.5 2.4 100
Actual ($ in millions) 72.6 41.0 48.1 105.6 6.7 273.9

* The absolute Canadian Content requirement for the Atlantic Canada Region is of 2.45% of the total contract value (3.5% of the 70% Canadian Content Requirement).

Summary of Non-Recurring Expenditures ($ in millions)
(Forecasts to March 31, 2015)

Current Estimated Total Expenditure Forecast to March 31, 2015 Planned Spending 2015–16 Future Years
RADARSAT-Constellation MCP EPA 1,089.5 618 195.5 275.9

James Webb Space Telescope

Description:
The James Webb Space Telescope (Webb) is a joint international mission involving NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the CSA. The mission concept is for a large field-aperture telescope to be located 1.5 million km from Earth. Like Hubble, the Webb will be used by the astronomy community to observe targets ranging from objects within our solar system to the most remote galaxies which can be seen during their formation in the early universe. The science mission is centred on the quest to understand our origins:

  • Observing the very first generation of stars to illuminate the dark universe when it was less than one billion years old;
  • Understanding the physical processes that have controlled the evolution of galaxies over cosmic time and, in particular, identifying the processes that led to the assembly of galaxies within the first 4 billion years after the Big Bang;
  • Understanding the physical processes that control the formation and early evolution of stars in our own and other nearby galaxies; and
  • Studying the formation and early evolution of proto-planetary disks, and characterizing the atmospheres of isolated planetary mass objects.

The James Webb Space Telescope is scheduled for launch in 2018. Webb instruments will be designed to work primarily in the infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum, with some capability in the visible range. The Webb Telescope will have a large mirror, 6.5 metres in diameter and a sun shield that will be the size of a tennis court once deployed in outer space.

Canada is providing the Fine Guidance Sensor (FGS) and the Near-Infra-Red Imager and Slitless Spectrometer (NIRISS). The FGS is integral to the attitude control system of the Webb, and consists of two fully redundant cameras that will report precise pointing information. Canadian expertise in this area was established previously with the successful fine error sensors for the former Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) mission. Packaged with the FGS but functionally independent, the NIRISS covers the 0.7 to 5 micrometer spectral range. NIRISS provides a specialized capability for surveys of objects such as primeval galaxies, for the study of transiting planetary systems and for high-contrast imaging applications such as the detection of extra-solar planets.

With COM DEV Canada as prime contractor, the James Webb Space Telescope-FGS Major Crown Project consists of the design, development, testing and integration into the spacecraft, launching and commissioning of the FGS and NIRISS. By participating in this leading-edge international space exploration mission, the Canadian Space Agency is actively promoting Canadian scientific expertise and innovative, advanced space technologies.

The National Research Council's National Science Infrastructure (NSI), formerly known as Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, is a key Government of Canada partner for activities related to the development of science instruments and distribution of telescope data. In return for its overall investment in the Webb Telescope, Canada will obtain a minimum of 5% of the time on this unique space telescope.

Already, the news of Canada's involvement in this international space exploration mission is inspiring youth, educators and amateur astronomers, and rallying members of Canada's world-renowned astrophysics community.

Project phase: Phase D – Implementation

Sponsoring and Participating Departments and Agencies

Sponsoring Agency Canadian Space Agency
Contracting Authority Public Works and Government Services Canada for the Canadian Space Agency
Participating Departments
  • NRC's National Science Infrastructure
  • Industry Canada

Prime and Major Sub-Contractors

Prime Contractor
  • COM DEV Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
Tier 1 Major Sub-Contractors
  • Teledyne, USA
  • Corning Netoptix, USA
  • IMP Aerospace Avionics, Canada
  • ABB Bomem, Canada
  • MDA, Canada
  • INO, Canada
  • BMV, Canada
  • CDA Intercorp, USA
  • ESTL, Europe
  • Bach Research Corporation, USA
  • Materion, USA
  • Camcor, Canada

Major Milestones:
The following are the major milestones, by phase:

Major Milestones

Phase Major Milestones Date
A Requirement Definition 2003-2004
B Preliminary Design August 2004 to May 2005
C Detailed Design July 2005 to September 2008
D Manufacturing/Assembly, Integration/Testing, Pre-launch preparations, Launch/System Commissioning May 2007 to March 2019
E Operations 2019 to 2024

Note: The Major Crown Project terminates with the completion of Phase D.

Project Outcomes:
This MCP contributes to Program 1.2 Space Exploration which provides valuable Canadian science, signature technologies and qualified astronauts to international space exploration endeavours. It fosters the generation of knowledge as well as technological spin-offs that contribute to a higher quality of life for Canadians. This Program appeals to the science and technology communities. It is targeted mostly towards Canadian academia and international space exploration partnerships. Canadian industry also benefits from the work generated within this Program. The contribution of the MCP to the program objectives is measured through the Performance Measurement Framework (PAA, results and performance indicators).

Program 1.2 Space Exploration

Result #1: Expansion of advanced scientific knowledge acquired through space exploration endeavours.

Performance Indicator #1: Number of peer-reviewed scientific publications, reports and conference proceedings using space exploration data produced by researchers (sciences and technologies) in Canada.

Result #2: Multiple use and applications of knowledge and know-how acquired through space exploration endeavours.

Performance Indicator #1: Number of terrestrial applications of knowledge and know-how acquired through space exploration endeavours.

Performance Indicator #2: Number of space re-utilization of knowledge and know-how acquired through space exploration endeavours.

Sub-Program 1.2.2 Exploration Missions and Technology

Result #1: Technological know-how acquired through Space Exploration endeavors (Astronomy and Planetary).

Performance Indicator #1: Proportion of CSA missions/solutions/instruments that met their mission performance requirements at acceptance review and/or at commissioning.

Result #2: Canada maintains a strategic positioning which supports its capacity to influence space exploration missions and decision-making process in key international space exploration forums.

Performance Indicator #1: Number of CSA sponsored highly qualified personnel (HQP) nominated on the International Space Exploration Decision bodies.

Result #3: CSA's participation in space exploration missions provides access to scientific data about the Solar System and the Universe.

Performance Indicator #1: Number of CSA's sponsored space astronomy and planetary missions providing data to Canadian scientific community.

Progress Report and Explanation of Variances:
In March 2004, Treasury Board granted Preliminary Project Approval for Phases B, C and D. In December 2006, before the completion of Phase C, detailed design of the FGS, the CSA requested increased expenditure authority to complete the project. In February 2007, the Treasury Board granted Effective Project Approval and the project became a Major Crown Project (MCP).

In March 2007, the first Critical Design Review (CDR) for the guidance function of the FGS, revealed technical issues. During the preparation of the system-level CDR, new issues became apparent. The technical issues needed to be addressed.

In December 2007, Treasury Board granted a revised Effective Project Approval (EPA) after the project costs had raised significantly due to the technical issues by the end of Phase C, the detailed design phase.

In 2010, NASA discovered that the infrared detectors, extremely sensitive cameras capable of "seeing" light produced by heat, were showing signs of performance degradation due to a design fault. Following investigation, NASA concluded that all detectors, including the four procured by Canada, needed to be replaced. In effect, two years after their acceptance by the project, the detectors started to show the same degradation. NASA initiated an improvement project with Teledyne Scientific & Imaging LLC to address the design issue causing the degradation.

In 2011–12, work continued on hardware and software development. COMDEV Canada worked on the Proto Flight Model (PFM) which successfully completed a very stringent environmental test campaign during which the instrument was subjected to cryogenic temperatures over a period of 80 continuous days. Teledyne Scientific & Imaging LLC completed the detector design improvements and, pursuant to testing successfully addressed the degradation issues. NASA then initiated the procurement process for new detectors for the Webb Mission; the acquisition of the detectors for the FGS/NIRISS was under the responsibility of the CSA.

The FGS Engineering Test Unit (ETU) was integrated into the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) test set-up and underwent system-level testing with the other science instrument engineering units. The integration test onto the Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM) of the Webb Telescope was successfully conducted. A technical issue surfaced with a component, the Tunable Filter Instrument (TFI), which triggered the need for a change in the design approach and led to the design and development of the Near-Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph (NIRISS). This new instrument relied on existing components of the old TFI but used a different approach to cover the light spectrum required for the science mission.

On July 30, 2012, the PFM FGS/NIRISS was delivered to NASA GSFC. On November 15, 2012, the PFM FGS/NIRISS was officially accepted by NASA following the successful completion of post-delivery functional tests. The FGS/NIRISS was the first instrument officially accepted by NASA as part of the James Webb Space Telescope project.

As to the procurement of the four new detectors for FGS/NIRISS, the CSA and NASA agreed on cost sharing: NASA would manage the procurement with Teledyne Scientific & Imaging LLC until the detectors are completed at which point they would be procured off-the-shelf by the CSA (through PWGSC).

In August 2013, NASA initiated a cryogenic test campaign with the Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM). The test was completed in November 2013, and the FGS/NIRISS performed as expected.

The second cryogenic test campaign was conducted in 2014–15 as the integration and test activities at NASA with ISIM continued. As well, in 2014, the FGS/NIRISS detectors were replaced after the completion of the second cryogenic test campaign.

In 2015–16, NASA will finalize the integration of the ISIM with the four science instruments and undertake the third cryogenic test campaign of the ISIM. Upon completion of these activities in early 2016, NASA will be undertaking the next phase of integration of the Webb Telescope: the integration of ISIM with the Optical Telescope Element. The Optical Telescope Element consists of the main optical mirror (18 mirror segments) of the telescope and the structure that holds it. This integration will be done at the NASA Johnson Space Center facilities in Texas.

The launch date for the James Webb Space Telescope is currently planned for October 2018.

In 2007, when the project obtained Treasury Board approval for the revised EPA, the anticipated mission launch date was May 2013. Following a re-planning exercise conducted by NASA, the launch date was slipped to October 2018, extending the project life by 5.5 years. There was an associated cost increase in the mission's integration and test phase, due to NASA having originally underestimated the work needed for this phase. The scope of work remaining to be completed for this project is as follows:

  • Although the flight instrument has now been delivered, the project is still in the implementation phase where support must be provided for the integration of the FGS/NIRISS to the spacecraft, for the launch activities and for the spacecraft commissioning activities.
  • With all the integration and test activities at NASA having been delayed and the duration of these activities revised under the NASA re-plan, the CSA and COM DEV are required to provide direct engineering post-delivery support to NASA for FGS/NIRISS and to the Webb mission commissioning activities from 2014 up until April 2019.
  • Official mission operations will commence after the completion of the telescope's commissioning, six months after its launch. The Webb Telescope operations center will be located in the Space Telescope Institute in Baltimore, Maryland, in the United States. Canadian scientists will be on location to directly support the operations of the FGS and NIRISS throughout the mission's operations. The operations will also be supported by engineering staff in order to be able to address technical issues if and when they occur to ensure the functionality of Canada's instruments.

Ultimately this remaining scope of work and the extension of the mission schedule resulted in cost increases that could not be absorbed by the 2007 project authorities. As well, PWGSC needed contractual authorities for acquiring the new detectors under a sole-source contract with a US supplier. As a result, the CSA prepared a new submission to Treasury Board addressing the issues above. The submission was approved in February 2014: Treasury Board granted a revised Effective Project Approval (EPA) of $169.9 million (excluding taxes).

Industrial Benefits:
As of March 31, 2014, the CSA had funded close to $116 million of work for Canadian industry from the James Webb Space Telescope-FGS Major Crown Project. Most of the direct industrial benefits from the construction of the Webb-FGS and NIRISS system will accrue to Ontario. The following table provides an approximate distribution:

Regional Distribution of James Webb Space Telescope
Contracts to Canadian Industry ($ in millions)
(As of March 31, 2014)

Ontario Quebec Atlantic
Provinces
Total Canada
Actual (%) 90.6 7.8 1.6 100.0
Actual ($ in millions) 105.1 9.0 1.8 116.0

Summary of Non-Recurring Expenditures ($ in millions)
(Forecasts to March 31, 2015)

Current Estimated Total Expenditure Forecast to March 31, 2015 Planned Spending 2015–16 Future Years
James Webb Space Telescope MCP EPA 169.9 161.8 2.5 5.6

Upcoming Internal Audits and Evaluations Over the Next Three Fiscal Years

Title of Internal Audit Internal Audit Type Status Expected Completion Date
Management Framework of the Earth Observation Missions Program – RCM Management Framework Planned March 2015
Security and Mission Assurance Management Framework Planned March 2015
Governance Processes Management Framework Planned March 2015
Management Framework of the Space Astronomy Missions (1.2.2.1) and Planetary Missions (1.2.2.2) Programs Management Framework Planned March 2016
Contract Management and Contract Administration Management Framework Planned March 2016
Process of Accumulation and Allocation of Costs Compliance / Management Framework Planned March 2016
Leave Management Management Framework Planned March 2017
Satellite Operations Management Framework (1.1.2.1) Management Framework Planned March 2017
Elaboration Process of the Performance Measurement Framework Management Framework Planned March 2017
Configuration Management Management Framework Planned March 2016

The Risk Based Audit Plan is presently under revision; therefore, the audits that will be undertaken in fiscal year 2017–18 have not yet been identified.

Link to Departmental Program Alignment Architecture Title of the Evaluation Planned Evaluation Start Date Planned Deputy Head Approval Date
1.3.2.1
  • International Market Access Program
May 2014 June 2015
1.2.1.1
  • International Space Station Assembly and Maintenance Operations
December 2014 March 2016
1.3.2.2
  • Enabling Technology Development
October 2015 September 2016
1.1.1.1/1.1.2.1
1.1.2.2/1.1.3.1
  • Earth Observation (EO) Missions, EO Data and Imagery Utilization and Ground Infrastructure
October 2015 January 2017
1.2.3.1/1.2.3.2
1.2.3.3/1.2.1.2
  • Human Space Missions and Support and the International Space Station Utilization
May 2015 September 2016
1.1.1.2/1.1.2.1
1.1.2.2/1.1.3.2
  • Communications Missions (1.1.1.2)
  • Communications Services Utilization (1.1.3.2) and Ground Infrastructure (1.1.2) including M3MSat
June 2016 October 2017
1.3.1
  • Space Expertise and Proficiency
October 2016 December 2017
1.2.2.1/1.2.2.2
  • Space Astronomy and Planetary Missions
October 2016 January 2018
1.1.1.3/1.1.2.1
1.1.2.2/1.1.3.3
  • Scientific Missions (1.1.1.3)
  • Science Data (1.1.3.3)
  • Ground Infrastructure (1.1.2) including CASSIOPE
February 2018 February 2019
1.2.2.3
  • Advanced Exploration Technology Development
December 2017 February 2019

The Five-Year Evaluation Plan is presently under revision; therefore, the evaluations that will be undertaken in fiscal year 2019–20 have not yet been identified.

Greening Government Operation

Target 7.2: Green Procurement

As of April 1, 2014, the Government of Canada will continue to take action to embed environmental considerations into public procurement, in accordance with the federal Policy on Green Procurement.

Scope and Context [optional]

Not applicable

Link to Department's Program Alignment Architecture [optional]

Internal Services

Financial Performance Expectations [optional]

Not applicable

Performance Measurement

Expected result

Environmentally responsible acquisition, use and disposal of goods and services.

Performance indicator Targeted performance level
Departmental approach to further the implementation of the Policy on Green Procurement in place as of April 1, 2014.
  • Planned completion date: April 2016
Number and percentage of procurement and/or materiel management specialists who have completed the Canada School of Public Service Green Procurement course (C215) or equivalent, in the given fiscal year.
  • Number: 3
  • Percentage: 75% by March 31, 2016
Number and percentage of managers and functional heads of procurement and materiel whose performance evaluation includes support and contribution toward green procurement, in the given fiscal year.
  • Number: 1
  • Percentage: 100% by March 31, 2016
Implementation strategy element or best practice Targeted performance level
7.2.1.5. Leverage common use procurement instruments where available and feasible.
  • To be achieved
Best Practice
7.2.3. Train acquisition cardholders on green procurement.
  • To be achieved
Best Practice
7.2.4. Increase awareness of the Policy on Green Procurement among managers.
  • To be achieved