Mission STS-078

Banner of the STS-78

Mission Description

Patch STS-78

Patch STS-78
(Credit: Canadian Space Agency)

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Launch

Date: June 20, 1996

Time: 10:49:00 a.m. EDT

Site: Kennedy Space Center (KSC)


Landing

Date: July 7, 1996

Time: 8:37:30 a.m. EDT

Site: Kennedy Space Center (KSC)


Mission Duration: 16 days 21 h 48 min 30 s

Flight Number: STS-78

Orbiter Vehicle: Columbia

Payloads:
Spacelab-LMS (Life and Microgravity Spacelab), Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS-D), Orbital Acceleration Research Experiment (OARE), Thermocapillary Migration and Interaction of Bubbles and Droplets (TMIBD), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX)-II.

June 20 to July 7, 1996

The Life and Microgravity Spacelab Mission (LMS), a culmination of extensive efforts by an international team of scientists, engineers and support personnel, flew aboard Space Shuttle Columbia during STS-78. Canadian astronaut Bob Thirsk, on his first space flight, participated in the diverse slate of life and microgravity experiments, a total of 41 in all, conducted in the near-weightless environment of the LMS.

Canadian contribution to this suite of experiments included the Torso Rotation Experiment (TRE), led by McGill University in Montreal and sponsored by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA). Its findings helped to contribute to the search for a cure for motion sickness and morning sickness in pregnancy.

The short-term, shuttle-based research in the LMS was a pivotal step towards the long-term science now being conducted on the International Space Station (ISS).

Mission STS-78 Crew (Credit: NASA)

Mission STS-78 Crew

From left to right.
Back row: Jean-Jacques Favier, Richard M. Linneham, Susan J. Helms, Charles E. Brady and Robert Thirsk.
Front row: Terrence T. Henricks and Kevin R. Kregel.