The Milky Way and Beyond - Overview

Pan-Canadian Learning Outcomes

It is expected that students will...

Science, Technology, Society and Environment (STSE)

Nature of science and technology

104-8
Demonstrate the importance of using the languages of science and technology to compare and communicate ideas, processes, and results (e.g., use appropriate terminology such as "constellations," "planets," "moons," "comets," "asteroids," and "meteors" to describe objects in space)

Module Topics

1. Introduction to the Milky Way

  • All stars we see are contained in the Milky Way
  • Contains billions of stars
  • Structure of the Milky Way

2. Black Holes

  • Lie at the center of large galaxies
  • Immense gravitational attraction
  • Light can't escape - can't be seen
  • Detect the x-rays they emit

3. Our Home in the Milky Way

  • Size of the galaxy
  • Light years
  • Location of the Sun in the galaxy
  • Many other stars could have planets
  • Detecting planets

4. Nebulae

  • Clouds of interstellar gas
    • Star-forming regions
  • Different types of nebulae
    • Planetary nebula
    • Emission nebula
    • Reflection nebula
    • Dark nebula
  • Beautiful objects to observe

5. Other Galaxies

  • Andromeda galaxy
  • Edwin Hubble
  • Classifying galaxies
    • Hubble Tuning Fork
    • Elliptical
    • Spiral
    • Barred-spiral
    • Irregular
  • Galaxies located within a galaxy cluster

6. Formation of the Universe

  • Big Bang Theory
    • Expansion of the Universe
    • Element abundances
    • Cosmic Background Radiation

7. Summary