This activity will require approximately three 30-minute classes
301-20: observe and explain how the relative positions of Earth, the Moon, and the Sun are responsible for the moon phases, eclipses, and tides.
Students will observe, sketch and explore the reasons for the seasons via the interactive applet, in an attempt to better understand the relationships between the Sun, Moon and Earth relating to the seasons.
By engaging students in a variety of activities targeting different learning styles (kinaesthetic, visual, and technological), students will become familiar with the seasons, and will be able to explain the reasons for the seasons depending on the orientation of the Sun, Moon, and Earth.
The lesson plan is divided into four separate activities:
Activity 1: demonstration of seasons (students participate)
Activity 2: introduce the applet to later be used by students
Activity 3: in the computer lab, students work with the Reasons for the Seasons applet in groups of two
Activity 4: closure activity, teacher uses the applet in a lecture-style delivery format stopping the animation at key moments and eliciting feedback from the students as to an explanation for the current seasons in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres
Nota : This page contains documents for which the access may require a particular software. If the software is not installed, you can download it and follow the instructions for installation.
Begin with focus questions:
Explain the nature of the activities that will be used to help students become better acquainted with the reasons for the seasons:
Activity 1: students participate in a visual demonstration of the seasons with globe and flashlight
Activity 2: teacher uses computer with projection system to display the Reasons for the Seasons applet. Teacher explains how the applet works and what students will do with the applet in Activity 3
Activity 3: teacher demonstrates the applet and distributes the Reasons for the Seasons handout to the students. The students are given approximately 30 minutes to complete the handout using the applet.
Activity 4: simply mention to the students that there will be a final activity that will help to reinforce what they have learned about the seasons (Activity 4 should follow approximately 2 days after the completion of Activities 1, 2 and 3.
Commence the activities and remember to have fun.
Activity 1: click here for diagram
Activity 2: Reasons for the Seasons applet (Flash Animation)
As a closure to the activities, the teacher uses the applet in a lecture style delivery format, stopping the animation at key moments and eliciting feedback from the students as to an explanation for the current seasons in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
Evaluate both student participation as well as the completion of the Reasons for Seasons worksheet. Student participation can be evaluated during activities 1, 2 and 3, even when the students are working with the applet. Students could also be presented with a short quiz in which they would have to correctly identify and explain the reasons for the seasons.